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TOLOnews 6pm News 28 November 2014

TOLO News - Fri, 11/28/2014 - 14:49

Top news in this bulletin

During Friday prayers in Khogyani district of eastern Nangarhar province explosives detonated inside a mosque injuring 34 civilians, according to local officials.

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Security officials said that the explosives were placed inside the mosque, leaving six of the 34 injured in critical condition.

The Chief Executive of the National Unity Government (NUG) on Thursday evening said the cabinet has not been finalized, but assured that the majority of the cabinet will be introduced in a matter of days.

Abdullah Abdullah, the chief executive, said that if the all 25 ministries are not finalized, the government will go ahead and announce the majority that has been concluded.

NDS Discovers Haqqani Network's Explosives Depot in Kabul

TOLO News - Fri, 11/28/2014 - 14:24

The National Directorate of Security (NDS) on Friday reported that the Haqqani network's primary base of operations for assembling suicide vests and Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) inside Kabul had been discovered. The officials added that the terrorist group is too weak to confront the Afghan security forces on the battlefield and so has resorted increasingly to attacks in cities aimed at causing high civilian casualties and instilling fear among the general public.

According to sources at the intelligence directorate, the explosives assembly center discovered in Kabul was located in PD8. In addition, several foreign nationals were said to have been arrested in connection to the recent spate of suicide attacks around the country over the past three days.

One of the men arrested is reportedly named Sifatullah, who was ordered by Sher Khan Mangal to oversee the construction of suicide jackets and magnetic mines in Kabul. Sher Khan Mangal is thought to be the head of the intelligence wing of the Haqqani network, based in Pakistan, but operating inside Afghanistan.

"The covert soldiers of the National Directorate of Security during their targeted and special operations succeeded in dismantling several terrorist networks including Haqqani network's suicide jacket and mine-making center," NDS spokesman Haseeb Sediqi said on Friday.

A recent wave of attacks in various cities around the country have raised concerns about deteriorating security. However, the NDS maintains that 97 percent of planned attacks have been thwarted. "On average, out of 100 operations and attacks of the enemies only three of them are implemented and the remaining 97 percent are foiled," Sediqi said.

. According to Sediqi, the explosives cache dissevered in Kabul was located in the Takrakhail area of the Deh Sabz district. Two men were arrested in connection two it.

The NDS made a point of highlighting that the tactics of the Haqqani network, which claims to be fighting Jihad yet targets innocent civilians in order to foment fear, are fundamentally against human values, Afghan culture and most importantly Islamic teachings.

Blast in Nangarhar Mosque Wounds 34 Civilians

TOLO News - Fri, 11/28/2014 - 14:11

During Friday prayers in Khogyani district of eastern Nangarhar province explosives detonated inside a mosque injuring 34 civilians, according to local officials.

Security officials said that the explosives were placed inside the mosque, leaving six of the 34 injured in critical condition.

This is not the first time that a mosque was the sight of a bombing. Months ago in the province of Logar, provincial Governor Arsala Jamla was killed in a mosque where the explosive was hidden inside the Holy Quran.

The Taliban in a statement denied responsibility for the attack on the mosque in Nangarhar.

Cabinet to be Announced in Matter of Days: Abdullah

TOLO News - Fri, 11/28/2014 - 13:59

The Chief Executive of the National Unity Government (NUG) on Thursday evening said the cabinet has not been finalized, but assured that the majority of the cabinet will be introduced in a matter of days.

Abdullah Abdullah, the chief executive, said that if the all 25 ministries are not finalized, the government will go ahead and announce the majority that has been concluded.

"The cabinet has not yet been completed," he said. "If the entire cabinet is not formed, we will still introduce the majority that has been finalized."

Sources close to President Ashraf Ghani and Abdullah stated that both officials have agreed on 17 ministries and talks on three other ministries are underway, hinting that 20 ministries may be concluded in advance of the London Conference.

Political analyst Mohammad Natiqi and Afghan Member of Parliament Fatima Aziz both shared similar concerns of the formation of the cabinet prior to the conference explaining that if the cabinets are not introduced, acting ministers and officials will attend the conference increasing the risk of jeopardizing international aid and commitment.

If the National Unity Government does not introduce the new cabinet in time, the current 25 acting ministers, 34 acting governors and 63 acting political figures will be representing the newly formed unity government.

On Turkey Trip, Pope to Reach Out to Islamic World

TOLO News - Fri, 11/28/2014 - 07:55

Pope Francis heads to Turkey on Friday with a brief to use his populist touch to rebuild bridges with the Islamic world that were damaged by his predecessor Benedict XVI.

It will be the first papal visit to Turkey since the now-retired Benedict went there in 2006 against a backdrop of anger in much of the Muslim world over comments which appeared to link the Prophet Mohamed to violence.

The frenzied atmosphere which dominated the run-up to that trip was followed by Benedict appearing to pray silently alongside the Grand Mufti of Istanbul in the city's celebrated Blue Mosque in what was seen as a gesture of reconciliation.

The pope's spokesman, Federico Lombardi, said Francis may make a similar gesture of respect.

"Obviously one can't speak of a formal prayer on the part of a Christian in the Mosque," Lombardi said.

"The holy father will show his respect and spiritual contemplation but it will be without expressing outwardly with words or anything else that he is of another religion. That seems to be to be only normal good sense."

The three-day trip to the 99 percent Muslim but officially secular state is also intended to bolster relations between the Roman Catholic and Orthodox churches, whose spiritual leader is Bartholomew, the Patriarch of Constantinople (Istanbul), at a time when the conflict between Ukraine and Russia has created the potential for tensions between the branches of Christianity.

- No meeting with refugees -

The pontiff will meet with members of Turkey's tiny Catholic community but no time has been specifically allocated for him to meet Christian refugees who have fled Islamic militancy in Iraq and Syria.

Given the pope's well-established interest in the fate of refugees around the world, this state of affairs has raised eyebrows and suspicions that Turkey did not want any events which might highlight the persecution of Christians in the region, an issue of growing concern for the Church.

Such concerns have been played down by the Vatican with the papal spokesman arguing that any Catholics wishing to meet the pope were likely to be at a reception he is due to hold on Sunday at the residence of his representative in Istanbul.

On the religious front, the pope will attend services marking St Andrew's day on Sunday. Andrew, an apostle of Jesus Christ, is regarded as the founder of the Eastern church.

- Ultra-tight security -

As for Benedict's visit exactly eight years ago, security is expected to be extremely tight. There has been no suggestion of the 77-year-old Argentinan pope doing any walkabouts and his pope-mobile has been left behind in Rome.

The first leg of the trip is to be in the Turkish capital, Ankara. He arrives there on Friday lunchtime and heads straight for a courtesy visit to the mausoleum of modern Turkey's founder Kemal Ataturk before being received by President Recep Tayyip Erdogan in his controversially extravagant new palace.

The main business of the trip will take place in Istanbul from Saturday, when Francis will visit Hagia Sofia, an architectural wonder that was once the jewel in the crown of the Orthodox church, later became a mosque and is now a museum.

He will then visit the Blue Mosque and conclude his day with a mass at Istanbul's small Catholic cathedral and an ecumenical prayer with the Patriarch Bartholomew.

On Sunday, he will attend but not take part in a Divine Liturgy in the Patriarchal church of St George. The two spiritual leaders are to release a joint declaration before the pope retires to his representative's residence for the meeting with local Catholics prior to flying back to Rome.

First 100 Days: Suicide Bombing in Kabul

TOLO News - Fri, 11/28/2014 - 06:18

Suicide bombings on 15th street of Wazir Akbar Khan resulted in injury of a Nepalese citizen.

Host, Omid Farooq discusses the issue with the following guests:

Saif-u-din Saihoon, University Professor

Baqi Samandar, Civil society activist

Ghulam Hussain Naseri, MP

To watch the entire show, click here:


One Foreign National Injured in IRD Attack in Kabul

TOLO News - Thu, 11/27/2014 - 16:30

Insurgents attacked the International Relief and Development (IRD) compound located in Kabul's most secure area known as Wazir Akbar Khan's diplomatic enclave, injuring one foreign national on Thursday evening. 

Deputy Interior Minister for Security Affairs Gen. Ayoub Salangi said that the IRD compound has been cleared with a Nepalese national injured, who was the security guard for the NGO. 

"Two insurgents were shot dead," Gen. Salangi said, adding that the insurgent's method to entering was detonating an explosive-laden car.

He added that the clearing operation is underway to confirm that the area has been cleared of insurgents.  

According to TOLOnews reporter, the insurgents targeted IRD who have entered the international NGO's compound located on lane six, street 15 in Wazir Akbar Khan at 7:30 p.m. on Thursday.

The explosions in Wazir Akbar Khan followed an attack earlier in the day on a British Embassy vehicle that claimed the lives of five people including one British national.

IRD has worked in Afghanistan since 2004 working in the areas of relief and stabilization, capacity building, democracy and governance, infrastructure, and agricultural development.

Taliban spokesman in a statement claimed responsibility for both attacks in Kabul.

Since the signing of both security agreements with Washington and NATO—Bilateral Security Agreement and Status of Forces Agreement—major cities of Afghanistan have witnessed an increase of attacks.

To watch exclusive video, click here:


TOLOnews 6pm News 27 November 2014

TOLO News - Thu, 11/27/2014 - 14:35

Top News in This Bulletin:

Representatives of the Afghan government and ambassadors of donor countries discussed and reaffirmed the international community's commitments in supporting Afghanistan's economy, human rights initiatives and security at a joint meeting in Kabul on Friday.

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According to Afghan officials, a day before the London conference, a trilateral meeting will be held between the Afghan civil society institutions, representatives of donor nations and the Afghan business community in aims to further intensify the regional economic cooperation.

British Official Says Corruption Inhibiting Revenue Collection

TOLO News - Thu, 11/27/2014 - 14:31

The failure to channel customs revenues into the public budget, according to Mark Mallalieu, the head of the international development department at the British Embassy, is one of the most harmful consequences of corruption in Afghanistan.

The New York Times recently quoted a the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction saying that Afghanistan loses half of its customs income - totaling some 500 million USD - annually due to corruption.

"I think one of the most important sources which needs to be addresses is in relations to customs revenue," Mr. Mallalieu said regarding needed anti-corruption efforts. "There are large sums of money and if the new government is able to catch the customs revenue that is due to it, that will go a very long way to enabling the government to finance the sort of budget that they want, in order to pursue their reform program," he added.

Coming just ahead of the London Summit scheduled for next week, the revelations could undermine the Afghan government's attempts to court further aid from the international community. Many donors and investors have expressed reservations about putting money in Afghanistan because of the rampant corruption.

Mallalieu has said British aid to Afghanistan will be contingent on the new government curtailing corruption. "Assistance from any country has some form of conditionality, but the way which different countries apply conditionality varies enormously," he said. "So for the UK, the main things that we focus on are commitments to poverty reduction, a commitment to tackling corruption and a commitment to human rights and at some point after the London conference, I think soon afterward, we will sign a new partnership agreement with the new government of Afghanistan, which will set out the principles under which the British aid is applied."

The new national unity government has taken immediate steps against corruption, including the re-opening of the notorious Kabul Bank case, but many critics have said the steps have been largely cosmetic and geared toward public opinion rather than actual reform.

Nevertheless, the new government has expressed a concerted commitment to combating corruption, and foreign allies such as Britain have applauded the initiative.

JCMB Reaffirms International Support for Afghanistan

TOLO News - Thu, 11/27/2014 - 14:19

Representatives of the Afghan government and ambassadors of donor countries discussed and reaffirmed the international community's commitments in supporting Afghanistan's economy, human rights initiatives and security at a joint meeting in Kabul on Friday.

Just a week before the London Conference on Afghanistan, officials at the Joint Coordination and Monitoring Board (JCMB) meeting—an Afghan-international group in charge of overseeing the 'Afghanistan Compact' set out to maintain engagement in the country—reiterated that as the drawdown of foreign forces concludes, the international community will stand firm with the Afghan nation.

"I want to acknowledge the government's aim to refresh the form of aid and its partnership with the UN as well as with international community," United Nation Secretary-General's Special Representative for Afghanistan and UNAMA Chief, Nicholas Haysom, said. "I see this as a real opportunity for us to work together to advance a sustainable reform and develop an agenda. We will remain as always ready to partner with government on key humanitarian needs and other government priorities."

Following the Tokyo Summit, Afghan government officials are optimistic that the conference with their international counterparts will bring about the renewal of continued assistance and aid to Afghanistan.

"Regarding our expectations from the London Conference, we hope it will be as successful as the Tokyo Summit," Economic Advisor to the Afghan president, Omar Zakhilwal, said. "We hope to return from the London Conference with strong ties with the international community."

British Ambassador to Kabul Richard Stagg said that the London Conference will open a new chapter of relations between Afghanistan and the international community, adding that the conference will support Afghanistan in becoming self-reliant.

"Our shared goal is that Afghanistan becomes increasingly self-reliant and able to stand on its own feet," Ambassador Stagg said. "The conference in London will focus on issues which are critical to Afghanistan's long term development. A better climate for private sector investment and for growth, improving regional economic cooperation and advancing the role of civil societies and protecting human rights particularly the rights of women and girls."

According to Afghan officials, a day before the London conference, a trilateral meeting will be held between the Afghan civil society institutions, representatives of donor nations and the Afghan business community in aims to further intensify the regional economic cooperation.

The upcoming London Conference on Afghanistan is scheduled for December 4, 2014.

Analysts Criticize Previous Government's Economic Legacy

TOLO News - Thu, 11/27/2014 - 14:13

The economic legacy of former President Hamid Karzai and his government has become the subject of frequent criticism among Afghan economic analysts, who maintain that over the past thirteen years, the nation's leaders failed to formulate a comprehensive economic strategy, implement critical tax reforms and effectively manage the country's customs system.

The volume of criticism has risen in sync with Afghanistan's economic decline over the past year, with the government almost unable to pay its employees at the end of the summer due to budgetary mismanagement and inadequate public revenue collections.

However, the current economic woes being felt around the country, whether unemployment, inflation or declining direct investment, have prompted broader frustrations with the legacy of the former government. Many analysts have said the Karzai government failed to take full advantage of the potential for development in Afghanistan had over the past decade.

Despite hiring hundreds of economic advisors and sectoral ministers, experts say the last government failed to forge an inclusive economic policy and relied on hasty decision-making.

"Based on the economic and investment laws implemented in 2004, the government pardoned the investors from tax, but later on, the government on the basis of a presidential order removed the concessions and all investors were supposed to pay the tax, these things were all part of the government's immature decisions that indicate that there was no harmony," economic analyst Mohammad Qurban Haqjo said.

The new government has been forced to inject millions of dollars into the local market to keep the value of the Afghani currency from plummeting in result of the current recession.

"The economic policies of the previous government didn't reflect the demands of the people...and Afghanistan still remains a consuming market due to the government's hasty decisions and there hasn't been visible economic development in the country," said Sakhi Ahmad Paiman, the head of Afghanistan's Industrialist Union.

Officials from the Afghan Ministry of Economy have, since the departure of President Karzai, been more open in their criticism of the past government's policies, which some have called incoherent.

The international community raised nearly 100 billion USD for Afghanistan over the past thirteen years, much of which was allocated for economic development, yet proof of longterm development is hard to come by.

In the early days of the Karzai administration, economic growth was around ten percent and trade balance deficit around 87 percent, but currently, the rate of economic growth has decreased to 6.3 percent and the trade balance deficit has increased to 94 percent.

With the election of Ashraf Ghani as president, however, economists have expressed hope in a new strategy for development. Ghani previously served as a top economist at the World Bank, specializing in developing economies and failed states.

Senate Approves BSA and SOFA

TOLO News - Thu, 11/27/2014 - 14:08

The Afghan Senate approved the Bilateral Security Agreement and Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) on Friday.

After hours of discussions behind closed doors, 65 Senators approved of the security accords while five others objected.

"Two Senators left, five Senators objected and 65 others agreed to the agreements," Chairman of the Senate Fazl Hadi Muslimyar said.

During the session, disagreements among Senators dragged in National Security Advisor Hanif Atmar to clarify and elaborate on the contexts of the accords.

"Senators at the International Affairs Commission and the general session had questions regarding the Kabul, Washington and NATO agreement, which was answered," Atmar explained.

Majority of Senators welcomed the security pacts stating that the accords are essential to the country.

"Signing and approval of the agreements are in favor of Afghanistan, what is why I voted for it," Senator Ali Akbar Jamshedi said.

On Saturday, the House of Representatives approved both security agreements with 149 approvals.

Kabul Suicide Attack Kills Five

TOLO News - Thu, 11/27/2014 - 06:33

A suicide bomber targeted a British Embassy vehicle in police district nine of Kabul City killing five and injuring 37 others around 10:30 a.m. local time on Thursday, according to officials. 

Kabul Police Headquarter released a statement stating that the blast took place in Qala-e Wazir area of district nine in Kabul. 

The statement elaborated that five people were killed including a British native and 37 others injured including four children.

Spokesman for the Ministry of Interior, Sediq Sediqqi, reiterated what the Kabul Police Headquarter released, but with a lower number of injured civilians. 

"Five people including one of our international partner were killed and around 33 including children were wounded," Sediqqi said.

Although, according to a local resident bodies were removed from the British Embassy's vehicle. 

"We took four dead bodies out of the British vehicle and pulled another out who was wounded," Sayed Gul Ahmad, local resident on the scene, said. 

TOLOnews reporter reported from the area stating that security forces have surrounded the area as ambulances arrive to the scene.

Eye witnesses say that the blast caused large damages to vehicles nearby and have killed and wounded dozens.

"My brother-in-law was driving as we were on the way to an engagement party in Nangarhar province, when suddenly we measured up to the suicide blast," wounded victim Khan Zada said. "I don't know how many of my family members are killed or wounded."

A source, on condition of anonymity, said that the vehicle targeted by the suicide bomber belonged to the British Embassy and that one foreigner inside the car was killed and another wounded, but the identities have not been disclosed yet.

Many victims of the bombing were civilians.

Taliban has claimed responsibility for the attack.

To watch the footage, click here:


Ghani, Abdullah Agree on Half of Cabinet Ahead of London Summit

TOLO News - Thu, 11/27/2014 - 05:41

Sources close to President Ashraf Ghani and Chief Executive Abdullah Abdullah have said that the leadership for 17 ministries has been decided upon after the two men settled on a deal to split the choices between them. Dialogue over the remaining nine ministries are said to be ongoing.

The announcement comes amid mounting pressure on the new national unity government to form its cabinet, after months have passed with the former government's leaders still in acting roles at the national ministries. Commentators have urged Ghani and Abdullah to reach an agreement before the London Summit scheduled for next week.

According to TOLOnews' source, among the 17 ministries that have been decided on, nine were given to Ghani and eight to Abdullah. Ghani agreed to give authority to select the Ministers of Defense and Foreign Affairs to Abdullah, while the Finance Minister and Interior Minister will be up to the president. Reportedly there have been no changes brought to the leadership of the National Directorate of Security (NDS).

According to Mia Gul Waseeq, the head of the Political and Social Affairs Department at the Presidential Palace, some of the individuals the two leaders agreed on would participate in the upcoming London Summit. The summit is expected to be an important opportunity for the Afghan government to secure continued aid from the international community

"I can confirm that his excellencies have agreed on at least 16 or 17 ministries and it will be announced before the London Summit," Waseeq said on Thursday.

The news was echoed among sources close to the negotiations. "I can't give more details right now, but significant progress has been made regarding the establishment of the new cabinet," said Mujiburrahman Rahimi, a spokesman for Abdullah.

Although news of the compromise might be cause for renewed optimism, some commentators have shown more reserve in their expectations.

"If leaders of the national unity government failed to announce the cabinet before the London Summit, then it would indicate their incompetence," political expert Mir Ahmad Joyenda said. "Participation of acting ministers in the London Summit affects the aid of the international community to Afghanistan."

"If the new cabinet is not formed before the London Summit, it would be harmful to the people of Afghanistan," Senator Hedayollah Rahayee said.

17 Ministries Finalized

TOLO News - Thu, 11/27/2014 - 05:41

Sources close to President Ashraf Ghani and Chief Executive Abdullah Abdullah said that 17 ministries have been divided ‎between the two officials and that dialogue for the remaining nine other ministries are in the works. 

According to the source, among the 17 ministries nine were declared to Ghani and eight to Abdullah. Ghani has agreed to give authority of the Ministry of Defense and Ministry of Foreign Affairs to Abdullah, while the Ministry of Finance and Interior are under his watch. 

In addition, there have been no changes brought in the leadership of the National Directorate of Security (NDS), the source added.

EU Calls for 5,000 Doctors to Fight Ebola: Source

TOLO News - Thu, 11/27/2014 - 03:50

The European Commission called for 5,000 doctors to be sent from EU states to combat west Africa's Ebola epidemic, a European source with knowledge of the matter said on Wednesday.

"The situation is too serious and it needs an immediate response," the source, who spoke on condition of anonymity, told AFP, adding that senior EU officials were in contact with national governments to mobilise the response.

"Thousands of other medical caregivers were also being called for," the source said.

In a tweet, EU Health Commissioner Vytenis Andriukaitis said he had so far reached 14 EU ministers, urging them to send more medical staff to Ebola-hit countries.

"Positive responses," he added, without providing more details.

The source said the EU's Ebola coordinator, Christos Stylianides, was also reaching out to ministers, with more funds and logistic materials on the list of demands.

European officials were casting a wide net, asking for medical staff directly from national authorities as well as volunteers operating through charities.

Asked to confirm the demand for doctors, Commission spokesman Enrico Brivio said that while needs were urgent, "it wasn't for the Commission to recommend the number of Europeans engaged in the Ebola response."

Earlier this month, Andriukaitis and Stylianides took part in a joint trip to the three worst hit West African countries: Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea.

Upon their return, the officials made an immediate call for epidemiologists to do more to diagnose and track the disease's progression.

The EU as a whole has so far mobilised more than one billion euros ($1.3 billion) for the fight against Ebola, including 373 million euros from the Commission, the EU's executive arm in Brussels.

Ebola has killed nearly 5,500 people and infected 15,351, mainly in west Africa, according to the latest figures from the World Health Organization.

FARAKHABAR: 26 November 2014

TOLO News - Thu, 11/27/2014 - 03:19

At a gathering at the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) on Wednesday, Afghan President Ashraf Ghani assured officials from Afghanistan's neighboring countries that he would not allow Afghan territory to be used as a springboard for attacks on other countries nor a battleground for proxy war.

"We will not allow our territory to be used against any of our neighbors, but we will also not permit anybody to conduct proxy wars on our soil either," Ghani said.

President Ghani reminded participants of the summit that while he spoke, insurgency wages on in Afghanistan. He pointed to the recent attack in Paktika province as evidence of the dire state of security in the country.

Has the country really become a battleground between India and Pakistan?

In this episode of Farakhabar, host Yama Siawish discusses the topic with the following guests:

Sayed Ishaq Gilani, former MP

Fahim Dashti, Journalist

To watch the program, click here:


First 100 Days: Kabul Bank Case and Introduction of Ministers

TOLO News - Thu, 11/27/2014 - 03:17

In this episode of the program, host Omid Farooq discusses about the Kabul Bank case and the introduction of the new cabinet ahead of the London

Conference and about President Ashraf Ghani's recent remarks at the SAARC about the proxy war, with the following guests:

Hamid Saboory, university professor

Abdul Bari Salam, civil society spokesman in London summit

Mohammad Amin Farhang, former Commerce Minister

Fawzia Kofi, MP

To watch the program, click here:


Afghans Are Surprisingly Optimistic

New York Times Topic:Afghanistan - Wed, 11/26/2014 - 17:08
A new poll finds that 75.3 of Afghans think the national government is doing a good job.

Civil Society Prepares Position Paper for London Conference

TOLO News - Wed, 11/26/2014 - 17:00

Over 1,000 civil society groups have prepared a position paper and dispatched it to the government where they have stated their demands from the London Conference.

The civil society groups presented their position paper in an event on Wednesday attended by British Ambassador to Kabul, Richard Stagg, and President Ashraf Ghani's Economic Advisor, Omar Zakhilwal.

The position paper suggested to the international community to link their support to the government's efforts in order to protect the gains made in the past decade.

Furthermore, the civil society groups called on the international community to hold the Afghan government accountable in bringing solid reforms in the electoral system before the holding of the parliamentary elections.

Enduring peace, implementation of human rights, and elimination of violence against women were among the main demands of the civil society organizations mentioned in the paper.

During the event Ambassador Stagg mentioned that the London Conference on Afghanistan is a great opportunity for the National Unity Government to announce its commitments on reform and good governance in the country.

Stagg also added that his country's pledges to aid Afghanistan with over $600 million for another year.

In return to these assistances, Stagg said that the world demands reform in the system and good governance from the Afghan government.

"It's a chance for Afghanistan to turn something of a corner in London and to commit itself to a convincing and far reaching program of reform, which will allow your country to achieve some of the things which you hoped would happen 10 years ago which have not happened," he said.

Stressing the need for continued support from world countries, Zakhilwal said good governance and reform in the system are among the top priorities of the unity government.

"At the Tokyo Summit, the world pledged an annual aid of $4 billion for Afghanistan's development," Zakhilwal said. "But at the London Conference, we will ask the donors to extend the aid to 10 years."

The London Conference on Afghanistan is scheduled on December 4, 2014.

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